Soap

Honey Heaven

Lipids
Lipid Amount
in oz
Percent
Palm 12 22.22
Coconut 76° 12 22.22
Soybean 8 14.81
Olive 8 14.81
Aloe Vera Butter 5  9.26
Beeswax 5  9.26
Rosehip 2  3.70
Castor 2  3.70
Total Weight 54

Fluid (water and honey) needed:
15.12 - 19.98 fluid oz

vanilla and rose fragrance

Lye (NaOH)
Superfatting
Percent
Amount
in oz
0 7.83
1 7.75
2 7.67
3 7.59
4 7.51
5 7.44
6 7.36
7 7.28
8 7.20
9 7.12
10 7.05

Hot Process Soap Making

Metaphysical Farms SoapThe process for making soap via the Hot Process method is quite similar to the Cold Process method. In fact many of the same recipes can be use interchangeably between the two methods. In the extended entry below, I have listed the materials needed to start the soap making process. The basic premis behind soap making is to take an acid (fat) and mix it with a base (lye) to form a salt like product that is able to change the surface tension when mixed with water making it ideal for whisking away particles of dirt and oil.

Safety Equipment
Safety First! You will need a pair of safety goggles and a pair of safety gloves. Lye is extremely caustic. You'll notice just how caustic if you leave it open on a humid day. You might want to also consider an apron specifically for making soap. Unless you're like me and you think holes in your jeans are cool.

Metaphysical Farms Soap

Metaphysical Farms offers soap making tutorials, soap recipes, a free lye calculator and recipe creation as well as homeopathy and meditation techniques to support your sustainable lifestyle

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Melt and Pour Soaps

Melt and Pour SoapFor some soap makers, the melt and pour method is a simple alternative to the cold and hot process of actual soap making. The different in the melt and pour method is that no saponification actually occurs in the process. This limits the ability of the soaper to control the quality of the soap because the oils that go into the soap are not chosen. Some soap crafters choose to use this method because it removes the need to use caustic chemicals like lye during the process of making soap. This process has already been handled before the soap base has been purchased. The process of melt and pour soap crafting is actually fairly simple. Once you have obtained a melt and pour soap base, you simple place the base into a double boiler and heat up the product. At this point additives such as fragrance, essential oils, colorants, exfoliants or moisturizing agents can be put into the mixture. While the mixture is still hot, you pour it into individual molds or trays just as you would in an actual soap making process. Once the mixture is cooled, it can be sliced and used.

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Spring Eclipse

Lipids
Lipid Amount
in oz
Percent
Olive 12 19.67
Palm 12 19.67
Coconut 76° 12 19.67
Soybean 12 19.67
Castor 5  8.20
Flaxseed 4  6.56
Cherry Kernel 2  3.28
Rosehip 2  3.28
Total Weight 61

Fluid (mint tea) needed:
17.08 - 22.57 fluid oz

Lye (NaOH)
Superfatting
Percent
Amount
in oz
0 8.88
1 8.79
2 8.71
3 8.62
4 8.53
5 8.44
6 8.35
7 8.26
8 8.17
9 8.08
10 7.99

Metaphysical Farms Soap

Rainy Morning Soap

Lipids
Lipid Amount
in oz
Percent
Palm 12 22.22
Coconut 76° 12 22.22
Olive 12 22.22
Soybean 8 14.81
Castor 4  7.41
Blueberry Butter 4  7.41
Lanolin 2  3.70
Total Weight 54

Fluid (water) needed:
15.12 - 19.98 fluid oz

blue coloring

Lye (NaOH)
Superfatting
Percent
Amount
in oz
0 7.91
1 7.83
2 7.75
3 7.67
4 7.59
5 7.51
6 7.43
7 7.35
8 7.28
9 7.20
10 7.12

Fresh Verdant Soap

Lipids
Lipid Amount
in oz
Percent
Coconut 76° 13 20.97
Palm 12 19.35
Soybean 10 16.13
Olive 8 12.90
Hemp 5  8.06
Castor 5  8.06
Green Tea Butter 3  4.84
Shea Butter 2  3.23
Meadowfoam 2  3.23
Rosehip 2  3.23
Total Weight 62

Fluid (mint tea) needed:
17.36 - 22.94 fluid oz

green coloring, rosemary for preservative and lilac and sage scents

Lye (NaOH)
Superfatting
Percent
Amount
in oz
0 9.01
1 8.92
2 8.83
3 8.74
4 8.65
5 8.56
6 8.47
7 8.38
8 8.29
9 8.20
10 8.11

Simple Castile Soap

Lipids
Lipid Amount
in oz
Percent
Olive 43 66.15
Palm 11 16.92
Coconut 76° 11 16.92
Total Weight 65

Fluid (water) needed:
18.2 - 24.05 fluid oz

Lye (NaOH)
Superfatting
Percent
Amount
in oz
0 9.40
1 9.31
2 9.21
3 9.12
4 9.03
5 8.93
6 8.84
7 8.74
8 8.65
9 8.56
10 8.46

Castile soap is just another name for an olive oil based soap. The major feature of these soaps are the moisturizing qualities attributed to the olive oil. When you make this recipe, be sure to use a stick-blender, otherwise it will take a very long time for the soap to reach trace. I've added some palm oil and coconut oil to harden the bar a little bit.

Saponification of Oils into Soap

The processes of making soap are all centered around the chemical process of saponification. Soap makers have for years had huge lists of SAP (saponification) tables that describes the basic process of converting fats into soap. For new soap makers, the process may seem almost like magic because of all the mathematical formulas and conversions. Really, what every soap maker is doing when he or she makes a batch of soap is stepping into an organic chemistry lab and forcing a chemical reaction to take place.

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Woody Suspend Soap

Adding Fragrance to Homemade Soap

In a lot of my soap making videos, I simply show myself adding a particular fragrance to the soap without explaining much about the different options there are to making your soap smell like it just came out of a designer spa but at a far cheaper price. In this article I hope to explain some of the basics to adding fragrance to your soap so that you can feel more confident to experiment with your own scents as you join the wonderful community of soapmakers.There are basically two chances you will have to add fragrance to your soap. The most common way is to add either a fragrance oil or a pure essential oil to your soap. The second way in which to add scent to your soap is to use various aromatic liquids like tea or coffee. There is a third way that is sometimes suggested by adding herbs or flowers to your soap but I have never had much luck with this method and if the cuttings are not heat safe, you will find most of the time they end up being burned by the saponification process.

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